Wednesday, June 5, 2019
Intersections Of Race And Gender Sociology Essay
Intersections Of Race And sex activity Sociology EssayGender identity originates from the experiences of our lives and these experiences differ non only ground on gender but also by other factors such as race and class. These identities argon formed under the narrow structures of stereotypes, which are created as a system of social control (Andersen 311). The interactions between race and gender create stereotypes about custody and women. An analysis in Sociology Understanding a diverse Society by Margaret L. Andersen and Howard F. Taylor and Jacquelynne S. Eccles article Gender Role Stereotypes, Expectancy Effects, and Parents Socialization of Gender Differences reveals that gender intersects with race, thus proving that manhood and charrhood emerge due to systems of outrage and discrimination that are inextricably intertwined with race, class, and gender.Gender is part of our social structure, just as race and class are. When applied to Camara Phyllis Jones article, The Gard eners Tale, men are the red flowers and women are the pink. From the moment of birth, men and women are put into different pots. These pots symbolize socialization because the separation affects the course that a man or womans life will take. However, transfer sexism causes the options to be distinct. Jacquelynne Eccles of the Institute for Social Research at the University of Michigan suggests that parents are role models. Actions as simple as giving a toy motortruck to a little boy and a Barbie to a little girl tin can help develop a childs gender identity. If a child grows up with a mother who is very athletic, she is more give carely to view sports as a normal part of universe a girl. The same idea can apply to a boy if he sees his dad treating his mom kindly, he is less likely to abuse his own wife. Personally mediated sexism revolves around the notion of omission. This can be seen when men are given power, prestige and economic resources for they are believed to become the next world leaders, doctors, businessmen, engineers, and scientists (Andersen 315). Women grow up wearing frilly pink dresses and are taught to be gentle and remain at home. They are excluded or discouraged from entering certain schools or career paths because they are pass judgment to not have the capacity to exceed in certain fields. Lastly, there is internalized sexism, which can be seen in early adolescence. This once again reintegrates Eccles statement of how parents incline a critical role in influencing their childrens social self-perceptions, interests, and skill acquisition (Eccles 184). Early adolescence is when people begin noticing the existence of gender differences and believing in them. unripened women, generally, view themselves as having a lower math ability in comparison to young men. They go on to express less interestin studying mathematics and in entering math-related professions (Eccles 184). Females do believe that they are more competent in English t hat their male counterparts and males believe their athletic competency is greater than a females (Eccles 184).Gender inequality does not exist in its own sphere. It coincides with race and class inequality. As M.P.P Root questions, is it possible to separate the gendered experiences from the racial existence (Root 162)? Latinas and African American women are discriminated by both race and gender and even possibly by class. White men, usually, are given more power however, this does not apply to Latino men. Tim Wise, a White man, explains that he had experienced this unearned privilege. Growing up, he was given the benefit of the doubt if he did not succeed. African American men felt a weight on their shoulders for if they did not succeed, then they would be proving the stereotype, African Americans are inferior to Whites, true.Gender identity incorporates racial identity. Females are taught from a young age to have characteristics of femininity that include a nurturing yet confiden t personality. They should seek higher raising and a career. However, African American women, compared to White women, have a greater likelihood of declaring their independence. This aspiration may come from the fact that their mothers were often career oriented women who relied on themselves. Males are also affected by their racial identity. Latino men are almost expected to embody the stereotype of machismo, exaggerated maleness which is associated with sexist actions and honor, dignity, and respect (Andersen 313). Despite the existence of such manners, the relationship between Latino men and women is multidimensional (Andersen 313). These families are egalitarian so the decisions are do by both the men and the women. African American men are also subjected to certain associations such as accountability to family and self-determination (Andersen 313). As they mature, they in turn put a greater stress on themselves to be the breadwinner.People acknowledge that race includes sy stems of privilege and inequality, yet they do not make headway that gender is also controlled by the same systems. Women are generally at a disadvantage when compared to men in aspects such as access to economic and political resources (Andersen 315). Women are denied an opportunity for achievement, influence, and independence. Gendered institutions are the cause of the different experiences of men and women. In a career that is dominated by men, women are treated like outsiders and seen as tokens (Andersen 314). Men, on the contrary, continue to rise to a higher position because they are viewed as more important and the career advancement may obviously come from connecting and spending more time with their superiors. Women are not given these opportunities to spend time with their superiors whether it be inside or outside work. The income of an employed woman is less than that of an employed man. However, when analyzed among Hispanics and African Americans, the womans income is approximately the same as the mans. Furthermore, gendered institutions build toward gender roles, which can be defined as learned patterns of behavior associated with being a man or a woman (Andersen 314). Nonetheless, in recent years, there has been a shifting of gender roles. Women are no bimestrial presumed to be the keepers of the house and do womens work and men are working as nurses and primary school teachers and they celebrate a womans accomplishments instead of expecting it to diminish their own. These advancements and the crossover of gender boundaries also bring about drawbacks such as the questioning of ones true gender identity (Andersen 321).The roles that both men and women fall into are not random but rather are conditioned by the social context of their experiences (Andersen 313). Experiences are affirmed by race, class, and gender standing. Each exhibits different effects, depending on a persons location in the interconnection of gender, race, and class relations (Andersen 323). Males and females identify with certain gender expectations. This involves the issue of adaptity. Males take risks that can lead to greater military group and all because of the cultural definition of masculinity (Andersen 311). However, it is both gender and race that further emphasize stereotypes. African American men are stigmatized as being hyper masculine and oversexed while Latinos are macho (Andersen 312). Jews, on the other hand, are viewed as being simply intellectual but asexual (Andersen 312). Woman, similarly, conform to their environment and the stereotypes of their race. As David R. Williams and Chiquita Collins state in their article, Racial Segregation A Fundamental Cause of Racial Disparities in Health, it is from this segregation that African Americans fall behind employment access and thus income. It is no surprise that this social inequality develops into the stereotype of African American women being welfare queens (Andersen 312). Residentia l segregation also introduces class. Even the White race has its own distinct boundaries. Working-class white women are perceived as slutty, while those of the over-class are frigid and frigidity (Andersen 312). Experiences of race and gender socialization do interact with one another to create todays societal norms.To be truly able to comprehend the different stratifications among men and women begins with considering how gender structures social experiences. Race, gender, and class are all nuances that affect a persons life. Sometimes, either race, gender, or class may be the primary identity, but together each places a mark on the experiences of a person. This is why I have come to conclude that though race, gender, and class are different, they are interrelated dimensions in our social structure (Andersen 323).